The Mughal Empire was an early modern empire in South Asia that lasted from 1526 to 1857. It was founded by Babur, a Timurid prince from Central Asia, and at its greatest extent, stretched from the Indus River basin in the west to the Brahmaputra River valley in the east, and from Kashmir in the north to the Deccan Plateau in the south. The Mughals were Muslim rulers, but they were tolerant of other religions, including Hinduism and Sikhism. They also encouraged trade and commerce, and their empire became one of the wealthiest in the world.
Some of the most famous Mughal emperors include:
Babur (1526-1530): The founder of the Mughal Empire.
Humayun (1530-1556): Babur’s son and successor. He was briefly ousted from power by the Afghan warlord Sher Shah Suri, but he eventually regained control of the empire.
Akbar (1556-1605): One of the greatest Mughal emperors. He expanded the empire’s territory and implemented a number of reforms, including a new system of taxation and administration. He was also a patron of the arts and sciences.
Jahangir (1605-1627): Akbar’s son and successor. He was a lover of the arts and nature, and he built many beautiful gardens and palaces.
Shah Jahan (1627-1658): Jahangir’s son and successor. He is best known for building the Taj Mahal, a monument to his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.